Ticks in dogs – dangers, fighting, prevention

removing ticksEvery year … is tick time! Every dog owner has necessarily to do sooner or later with ticks. The blood-sucking parasites are not only annoying, but can also be really dangerous. The increasingly becoming milder winters favor of the spread of these animals and even tick species that are usually found only in the Mediterranean are increasingly widespread north. This also brings with it new diseases that can be transmitted by the bite of the tick.

What ticks there, and which are dangerous?

Ticks are systematically seen to the mites, they feed exclusively on the blood of their host. There are about 850 species of ticks. In our latitudes, especially two species of ticks are common, they currently play a role for dog owners:

The wood tick (Ixodes ricinus) and the marsh tick (Dermacentor reticulatus). However, other tick species from warmer southern Europe are already on the rise and will happen in a few years here more often. This is especially the brown dog tick (Rhipicephalus sanguineus), the ever-prevalent, but also the hedgehog tick (Ixodes hexagonus) or the fox tick (Ixodes canisuga).

tickThe marsh tick is the carrier of babesiosis (also called “dog malaria”), it is particularly dangerous for dogs and cats. One recognizes the adult ticks floodplain at their ease marbling on the “back”. The marsh tick shows a three-time host exchange. A complete development cycle takes about 1-1.5 years. As a final hosts of the marsh tick play pets such as dogs and horses but also cattle and sheep, wild boar, deer and foxes play a role. In Germany the first natural population in 1973 was described on the Upper Rhine. Meanwhile, there are in the whole of Germany natural populations.

Also, the wood tick can transmit dangerous diseases that can be dangerous for both the dog and for the people. The common wood tick is among other carriers of Lyme disease and tick-borne encephalitis (TBE). How high in some parts of Germany is the risk of TBE by ticks, can be found here on a map: Tick Card. Usually, the south is more vulnerable than the north.

When is tick season?

Ticks are mainly from early spring (March) to the end of autumn (October) before, but come ticks even in the cold winter months every now and again before. So there is no guarantee that one is safe from ticks in winter. The common wood tick is active at temperatures below 10 degrees! Ticks need a moist and relatively warm climate, but also in cold seasons, there are places where ticks survive to find places.

How can I protect my dog?

Against ticks there are many products on the market, the bite (or actually the engraving) of a tick, however, none of them prevent completely. So-called spot-on’s for example are dropped between the shoulder blades on the skin and spread from there all over the skin. They poison the tick sucking and ensure that the tick falls off faster than normal or ‘dry’. In addition to spot-on’s, there are also ticks collars, tick spray or home remedies like garlic (caution: large quantities toxic to dogs). Each of these remedies has different effects and not with any dog ​​equally well.

It is important to thoroughly scan the dog after each walk is. It can help a flea comb. The tick bite after a few hours, so as you still have time to Absammeln.

A tick vaccination hardly protects them, because it does not protect against this widespread pathogen species. About the meaning of Lyme disease vaccination is disputed to this day. Against tick bites protects the vaccine – as is often assumed – not!

Important for a tick bite:

ticks in dogs- The tick must be removed as soon as possible! Borrelia (Lyme disease triggers) are usually transmitted only a few hours after the bite, the sooner the tick is removed, the lower the chance is that these pathogens are transmitted. TBE viruses are transmitted but already directly with the tick bite!

– The tick must be possible completely removed. If the head remains inside, but that’s not dangerous. The falls in the next day off by itself. The site should be easily observed.

– Tip: When using tick hook has a turn, rather than proven draw. Although ticks have no thread, but they can hold on no longer in these rotations and then let go. You try the tick with the possible hooks clamp at the base and then rotate in any direction, you can also change directions – until the tick lets go. With this method, you manage without pulling mostly very well the whole tick with head to get out and for the dog, it is also enjoyable.

– Do not crush when removing, otherwise agents could reach from the tick inside the wound. On means such as glue or alcohol should be avoided.

Category: Dog Health